20 décembre 2008 6 20 /12 /décembre /2008 08:55

Machines anthropophages, médailles pétrolières,
bombardements enfantins et autres primates vindicatifs... Les collages de Winston Smith illustrent avec élégance le chaos de notre époque. Repéré dès l'aube des années 80 pour son travail sur les pochettes des Dead Kennedys et notamment le fameux Christ doré sur fond de dollars du 45 tours In God We Trust, Inc. qui fit scandale aux USA en 1981, cet artiste californien persiste à faire preuve d'un psychédélisme hautement subversif et rien moins que salvateur en cette période de terrassement culturel.

Cannibal machines, oil medals, childish bombings and other vindictive primates... Winston Smith's collages elegantly illustrate the chaos of our time. Noticed at the beginning of the 80's for his work on the Dead Kennedys'sleeves, and specifically for the famous golden Christ on a dollar-patterned cross of the EP In God We Trust, Inc. which caused a scandal in the United States in 1981, this californian artist persists in a highly subversive psychedelism, nothing if not salvation in these times of cultural exhaustion...

Winston Smith (born May 27, 1952) is an artist who primarily uses the medium of collage. He is probably best known for the artwork he has produced for the American punk rock group Dead Kennedys.

Smith is particularly known for his collaborations with Jello Biafra and Alternative Tentacles, for whom he has done numerous covers, inserts, advertisements, flyers, and logos. He is responsible for the famous Alternative Tentacles logo as well as the well-known Dead Kennedys logo and six of their record covers. One of his compositions, God Told Me to Skin You Alive, was used as the cover of Green Day's album Insomniac

A version of an illustration which had been on the back cover of the Biafra/D.O.A. album Last Scream of the Missing Neighbor was later featured on the cover of the April/May 2000 issue of The New Yorker magazine. His work has also appeared in Spin, Playboy, Wired Magazine, Utne Reader, Mother Jones, Ugly Planet, National Lampoon, and numerous punk fanzines, such as Maximumrockandroll, Seconds, Punk Planet, etc.


His name is a reference to the character of the same name in George Orwell's novel 1984. Smith left the U.S. in 1969 to study art in Italy and, struck by the profound social changes that had occurred during his absence from the U.S., adopted the name after returning to America in 1976.

In Italy, Smith attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Florence studying classical Renaissance Art and later won a scholarship to study Cinema at the International University of Art (Florence & Rome). For a few years he traveled throughout Italy, roadie-ing for well-know Italian jazz band Perigeo. Over the last 30 years, Winston has had numerous one-man shows in San Francisco, Los Angeles, New York City, London, Antwerp, Berlin and Rome.

His work has been included in numerous books chronicling the Punk Rock era as well as having his work included in Art text books plus several book covers, such as Greg Palast's best-sellers "The Best Democracy Money Can Buy" and "Armed Madhouse". In addition, Winston has designed over 50 record covers including covers and insert art for Jello Biafra, Burning Brides, George Carlin and Ben Harper.

Early life

Smith was born James Patrick Shannon Morey and grew up in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. He briefly attended (two months) Oklahoma Christian College and Central State University. After spending nearly seven years in Florence, Italy, Smith moved to San Francisco, where he worked as a roadie for numerous San Francisco bands such as Journey, CSN&Y, The Tubes, Santana and others in the 1970s.



Smith met fellow artist Jayed Scotti in 1976 and the two collaborated on several projects, producing their self-published magazine Fallout, a satirical pulp-zine, illustrated and written by the duo. They also distributed false posters for non-existent bands and clubs in San Francisco, with the addresses listed on the flyer often located in the Pacific Ocean.

The IDOL or Cross of Money image (later used for the Dead Kennedys first EP album "In God We Trust, Inc.") was created in 1977 in the Fairfax studio of Fallout, as a comment on religious hypocrisy and the worship of money. This was a 3D art piece, fashioned from a real crucifix. Later it was remade as an early color photocopy and submitted to a Berkeley Photocopy show. A friend of Jello Biafra told him of the piece, and later Smith sent him samples of his work. This was the beginnings of the collaboration of Smith and Scotti with the Dead Kennedys. Scotti later became the drummer for The Feederz.To date, Smith has three published collections of his works: Act Like Nothing's Wrong, Artcrime and All Riot on the Western Front.


Personal life

Smith married Chick Fontaine in 2006. (Wavy Gravy performed the ceremony, and actor Jim Beaver, Smith's former college roommate, was best man.) Smith has blue eyes and grey hair. He speaks fluent Italian. Smith likes animal crackers.

Website : http://www.winstonsmith.com

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Published by D.Vicente - dans Art